1. Date of birth:

Krishna Pahadi was born on 30th March 1963 at Madi Ramveni village of Shankhuwasabha district of Nepal, a remote Hilly district that lies in the Himalayan region in eastern part of Nepal.

He belongs to a Dahal family. He was born to Badri Prasad Pahadi and Radha Devi Dahal.

Ancestral property[Land] of Krishna Pahadi’s family’s in Madi Shankhuwasabha was seized by Rebel  Nepal Communist Party [Maoist] since 1999 A D .

2. Education:

He passed his School Leaving Certificate (SLC) examination from Janata Secondary School, Shankarpur of Biratnagar in 1978 with first division. Later he joined Amrit Science Campus in Kathmandu where he studied Science [Intermediate and Bachelor level].

3. Founder of various human rights and peace organizations:

He has founded and headed several prominent human rights and peace organizations, including:

A] Human Rights & Peace Society (HURPES) -Founding Chair [1996-2004]

B] Citizens Movement for Democracy & Peace [one of the founder [2005]

C] Human Rights Organization of Nepal (HURON)-one of the founder member-1988

D] South Asians for Human Rights (SAHR)-one of the founder member-2000

E] Amnesty International Nepal Section-Chair [1991-1996]

a. Founded Human Rights & Peace Society [HURPES]:

Krishna Pahadi founded the Human Rights & Peace Society on 1 June 1996 and headed HURPES as Chair of Central Executive Committee from 1996 to 2004. He worked as a full-time volunteer and expanded its district committees to 57 districts. During this period HURPES was recognized as the leading human rights organization and known for its extensive campaigning activities and research on human rights, peace, democracy, non-violence and social justice. HURPES organized more than one thousand programs throughout the country under his leadership.

In the Year 2003, HURPES adopted a policy to not accept funds from any donor organizations, foundations, governments, Embassies etc. Since adopting this policy, HURPES became a self-reliant organization that does not apply for funding. The organization was then able to run successfully through volunteer contribution.

b. Birth of Citizens Movement for Democracy & Peace [CMDP]:

The CMDP came into existence through the organizing of a protest rally in opposition to the then despotic royal regime on 25 July 2005. The protest rally was held at the call of three prominent civil society activists, including Krishna Pahadi under the banner of the CMDP. The CMDP launched nationwide campaign to establish a democratic republic that guarantees fundamental freedoms and human rights in Nepal. The CMDP organized more than two dozen large mass meetings and several demonstrations throughout the country in 2005. Krishna Pahadi, who was the key speaker, addressed almost all the mass meetings. During this period the major political parties of Nepal remained weak and it was the CMDP that created a new wave for peace and democracy in the country. This also led to the building of conducive atmosphere for a decisive people’s movement to establish democracy in Nepal.

After successful historic non-violent people’s movement of 2006, the royal regime surrendered power back to the political parties through a proclamation. Then the peace process of Nepal began and the country headed for the Constituent Assembly (CA) elections. The CMDP contributed to make the peace process successful. In this regard, the CMDP organized another one dozen mass meetings across the country.

Krishna Pahadi maintained distance from the CMDP in the month of May 2007 but he continued to organize and address mass meetings across the country. In this connection, he addressed around 50 large-scale mass meetings mostly organized by HURPES and other civil society organizations. And all these efforts exerted pressure on the political parties to agree to the agenda of establishing a democratic republic in Nepal.

The Constituent Assembly election was held on 10 April 2008 and Nepal was ultimately declared a Federal Democratic Republic through the first meeting of CA, as per the Interim Constitution of Nepal. More than 99 per cent of CA members voted in favor of a democratic republic and the 240 years old Monarchy was abolished from Nepal.

Krishna Pahadi and other friends of the CMDP reunited in April 2009 with an aim to exert more pressure to promulgate the new Constitution on time and to take the peace process to its logical end. For this purpose, the rejuvenated CMDP organized more than one dozen mass meetings and sit-in throughout the country. Finally, after addressing a mass meeting on 9 March 2010, Pahadi declared that he is no longer associated with the CMDP.

c. Founding member of Human Rights Organization of Nepal [HURON]:

HURON was established in December 1988 and Krishna Pahadi was one of the founder members. HURON played significant role during the historic people’s movement of 1990 to oust the then Party Less Panchayat system that existed in Nepal for 30 years. Later Pahadi was elected central committee member, and vice chairperson of HURON [1993-1995]. Pahadi is not affiliated with HURON after 1996.

d. Founding member of South Asians for Human Rights [SAHR]: A gathering of South Asian Human Rights Activist held in Nimrana of Rajasthan, India in 2000 decided to form SAHR. Krishna Pahadi was one of the participants of that founding meeting. [Not active since 2007.]

e. Steering Committee member of Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers:

The Coalition was founded by 6 major international human rights NGOs, later joined by another 2 organizations and regional NGOs.

Krishna Pahadi was member of its steering committee representing Asian Coalition in the Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers from 2000-2002[not associated since then].

f. once Headed Amnesty International Nepal Section, now Total dissociation from Amnesty 

Krishna Pahadi became founding convener of Amnesty International, Biratnagar Group 11 in 1988. He was elected as head of Amnesty International Nepal in January, 1991 and elected again as Chair of the National Executive Committee in 1992 and 1994. In March 1993, AI Nepal regained Section status in the AI movement during his leadership.Krishna Pahadi headed AI Nepal for 5 years as a full-time volunteer.

g. Total dissociation from Amnesty International:Krishna Pahadi maintained distance and declared total dissociation from  Amnesty International for its wrong policy and campaign strategy adopted by International Secretariat of AI since June 2015, and not supporting and participating in any Amnesty campaign and program since then.It may be recalled that Pahadi wrote a letter to Secretary General of Amnesty International International Secretariat,urging him to clarify some issues including promoting hate speeches and secession-ism in relation to some cases of Nepal .AI Secretary General failed to respond and Pahadi declared total dissociation from AI.

4. A committed human rights activist:

Krishna Pahadi is a renowned human rights activist and well known for extensive campaigning activities to protect and promote human rights. He opposes all forms of human rights violation, human rights abuses and any act that causes harm to human dignity. More than 1500 programs were organized under his leadership for the protection and promotion of human rights. He has led massive human rights education and awareness campaign with the slogan of ‘All human rights for all’ and has undertaken several fast-unto-deaths for the formation of National Human Rights Commission and ratification of major international instruments. He had put forward 20-point human rights agenda and held nationwide discussions on it during the General Election in 1999 and the Constituent Assembly election in 2008. Pahadi has also been campaigning to ensure that the new Constitution of Nepal guarantees all human rights for all. (Drafting of new Constitution is underway).

He led dozens of campaigns including campaign for free and fair election, social equality awareness campaign, campaign against torture, peace campaign, campaign against impunity, campaign for rights of the child, campaign to make educational sector free from armed conflict, campaign for human rights of women.

5. Leader of civil society in Nepal

Krishna Pahadi is known as leader of civil society in Nepal. In the year 2005, during the days of crisis following the royal proclamation, civil society led the democratic movement of Nepal and Krishna Pahadi led civil society. Pahadi contributed for collaboration of civil society and political parties for change through non-violent movement. He led the non-violent campaign to establish democratic republic in Nepal. He contributed to bringing the major political parties including the then rebels together to initiate the peace process and take it ahead.

6. A person dedicated to democracy:

The year 1951, 1990 and 2006 has special meaning in the history of Nepalese democracy. In 1951, autocratic Rana regime was ousted through a revolution and multiparty democracy was established in Nepal. This was followed by the first ever democratic general elections in Nepal in 1960. In 1961, the then King of Shah dynasty dissolved the elected parliament and seized power with the help of military, and thereby imposed ban on political parties. The King’s direct rule started in the name of party less system called the Panchayat. In 1990, the 30 years old Panchayat system was abolished through a historic people’s movement and multiparty democracy was restored. In 2005 the then King again seized power and imposed direct rule, and declared a state of emergency through a proclamation. Subsequently many political party leaders and some human rights defenders were put behind bars. Another historic people’s movement in 2006 defeated the King and finally Nepal was declared a Republic in 2008, following the elections to the Constituent Assembly.

Krishna Pahadi played significant role in both historic people’s movement of 1990 and 2006. He was arrested in February 1990 in connection to preparation of the people’s movement to establish multiparty democracy in Nepal. He was released after restoration of multiparty system in Nepal after 52 days detention.

In September 2002, the then King started to exercise direct rule and side lined mainstream political parties. Slowly the 5 main political parties of Nepal launched a non-violent campaign called ‘movement against regression’. Krishna Pahadi supported this campaign and addressed more than dozen mass meetings organized by those political parties, where he strongly raised the agenda of a democratic republic at a time when the major political parties were not ready to take up this agenda.

The then King of Nepal seized power on 1 February 2005 and King’s government had initiated a sweeping crackdown on dissent. During the first three months of his takeover the King imposed a state of emergency, under which a number of fundamental rights were suspended. Krishna Pahadi came forward to protest seizure of power by King and became first person who organized demonstration opposing King’s move. He was arrested on 9 February 2005 and spent 145 days in detention.

After his release, Krishna Pahadi actively involved in organizing and addressing mass meetings for democracy and peace. He was again arrested on 19 January 2006 and detained for 97 days. He was released after the success of non-violent historic people’s movement of April 2006.

7. A leading campaigner for democratic republic in Nepal:

Krishna Pahadi is known as the leading campaigner to establish democratic republic in Nepal.

He had been advocating for democratic republic through non-violent means at a time when the major political parties were not ready to go for it. He was then known as an ardent advocate of republic when he launched a campaign for republic in 2001. He advocated for a democratic republic that truly guarantees fundamental freedom, human rights and social justice in Nepal. As part of this campaign, he wrote hundreds of articles and addressed more than 500 programs including around a hundred big mass meetings. Krishna Pahadi contributed for collaboration of civil society and political parties for change through non-violent movement. He spent 8 months in prison during the 15 months period of King’s direct rule in Nepal. One unidentified group planted a bomb in his residence in March 2007. However, despite of such threats, he continued to accelerate his activities.

8. A person devoted to Peace:

Krishna Pahadi is a devoted person in peace movement, who has been organizing hundreds of programs aiming to create a culture of peace. He insisted to initiate peace process in Nepal since 1996. Under his leadership, in 2000 district-level peace conferences were organized in 50 among 75 districts of Nepal and he addressed 45 of them, including districts highly affected by the conflict. He led several peace campaigns under the slogan of “Peace is our right” and “Peace is human right”. Aiming to create conducive environment to initiate peace process, Pahadi visited many districts of Nepal and addressed hundreds of programs. Several drama written by Pahadi focusing on peace was performed in different parts of Nepal even at the time of State of Emergency.

Pahadi has been working to make the peace process a success.

Krishna Pahadi has always opposed war. He led 3 demonstrations against nuclear test conducted by China, India and Pakistan in 1996 and 1998 respectively.

9. A person determined to Non-Violence:

Krishna Pahadi is stanch devotee of non-violence. He led several campaigns under the theme of non-violence, goodwill and tolerance. He also addressed hundreds of programs aimed at creating a culture of non-violence. One of the main objectives of HURPES founded by Pahadi is to promote the principle of non-violence. ‘Never advocate violence in any circumstances’ was one of the 10-point code of conduct for HURPES members developed at the initiative of Krishna Pahadi.

Pahadi led only non-violent movement. He has vowed to not enter any places where animal and bird is sacrificed in the name of ritual. He has been calling to end such cruel practices in Nepal.

10. A person active in social justice movement:

Krishna Pahadi has been strongly advocating for social justice in Nepal. Pahadi initiated a campaign under the theme of “Dalit Rights are Human Rights” in Nepal. Hundreds of programs were organized throughout Nepal under the ‘Social equality awareness campaign’ in 2000-2002 and the programs were addressed by Krishna Pahadi. He wrote several Dramas against untouchability and discrimination which was performed throughout Nepal.

Pahadi also made every possible effort to ensure Dalit representation in the organizations he was part of. For example, HURPES had adopted a mandatory provision requiring district and central committee to have at least one person from Dalit community. Otherwise, the committee would be declared invalid.

11. Campaigning to promote International humanitarian laws:

When state of emergency was declared in Nepal in the year 2001, Krishna Pahadi led a major campaign on international humanitarian laws. This was held at a time when both the sides to the conflict were involved in the violation of International Humanitarian Laws. Under this campaign, HURPES organized seminars in 38 districts of Nepal in which Krishna Pahadi addressed the seminars in 32 districts. The seminars were organized in order to ensure respect of international humanitarian laws.

12. Campaigning on Global warming and climate change and save Himalaya Movement:

Since 2007, Krishna Pahadi has been actively involved in a campaign to create awareness on Global warming and climate change. Pahadi addressed series of programs organized on this issue, including 10 interaction programs hosted by HURPES in 2007-2008. Subsequently, under this theme, special discussion programs based on concept paper developed by Pahadi were held in 20 districts.

Pahadi has been campaigning to include a provision of ecological balance in the preamble of the new Constitution of Nepal .Pahadi has been campaigning for save Himalaya Movement.

13. Headed several research missions:

Krishna Pahadi headed 8 research missions to conduct research on cases of human rights violation and human rights abuses. He also carried out several field visits in this connection.

In 1997, he led a 20-member research mission of HURPES in 15 districts of Nepal, including districts highly affected by the armed conflict. After the completion of this research mission, a 95-page report was published under the convenorship of Pahadi.

14. Headed National election observation team:

Krishna Pahadi headed election observation team of HURPES in the 1999 General Elections of Nepal. The team was authorized by the Election Commission of Nepal [EC] to act as national election observer. The team comprised more than 100 election observers who were deployed in 55 districts of Nepal.

Krishna Pahadi also observed the Parliamentary Elections of Sri Lanka in 2000, at the invitation of National Democratic Institute [NDI].

15. Imparted Trainings:

Krishna Pahadi imparted several dozen training to Human Rights Defenders, Police Officers, Government officers and Attorneys, election observers on various aspects of human rights.

16. Fasting-unto-death:

Krishna Pahadi observed fast-unto-death on five different occasions for the cause of human rights and peace. He underwent fast-unto-death for the first time in February 1990 when he was detained in Tarahara detention centre of Sunsari and that fast lasted for 3 days.

Pahadi observed another fast-unto-death in March 1990 when he was imprisoned in Terhathum prison, opposing the violation of human rights in the country and that lasted for 7 days.

He underwent fast-unto-death in January 1997, opposing human rights violation and abuses and demanding formation of necessary institutions for the protection and promotion of human rights. The fast lasted for 6 days.

In December 1999, Pahadi observed fast-unto-death demanding immediate formation of National Human Rights Commission (The Commission had not been formed even three years after an Act had been passed by the Parliament). This fast lasted for 4 days.

Pahadi observed fast-unto-death from March 31, 2014 in Kathmandu urging to endorse Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and against Impunity and Violence. That lasted for 5 days.

17. Imprisonment:

Krishna Pahadi has been arrested more than 60 times in his life so far while working peacefully for human rights, peace and democracy. He was arrested for the first time from his residence in Biratnagar in September 1989, in connection to organizing a demonstration against death penalty worldwide.

Pahadi was arrested for the second time from his home in Biratnagar on 16 February 1990 and his house was also searched by Police and confiscated books on human rights [At that time Party less system existed in Nepal under active monarchy ]. He was arrested just two days before the people’s movement of 1990 was launched. Following the arrest, he was kept in 4 different detention centers for 52 days. He was released after restoration of multiparty democratic system in Nepal in April 1990, as a result of successful historic people’s movement. A group [supporter of former Party less system] attempted to physically harm Krishna Pahadi while he was returning to his home town after release from hilly Terhathum prison.

Krishna Pahadi was arrested from the office of the Human Rights and Peace Society on 9 February 2005 just one day before the planned demonstration to protest seizure of power by the then King. He spent 145 days in detention and was released on 4 July 2005. Immediately following his release, he was back at work organizing rallies and demonstration as a leader of civil society. He was arrested again on 19 January 2006 and spent 97 days in detention. He was released after the success of the nonviolent historic people’s movement of 2006.

18. Former Prisoner of conscience:

Krishna Pahadi was adopted as a prisoner of conscience by Amnesty International [AI] right after his arrest in 2005 and AI had launched campaign for his release. The then Secretary General of Amnesty International, Irene Khan met Pahadi at the detention centre in Kathmandu, Nepal.

AI declared him as a prisoner of conscience for the second time when he was arrested in January 2006.

In March 1990, when Pahadi was arrested from Biratnagar, AI issued an urgent action [UA] drawing worldwide attention about his arrest.

19. Previous Involvement in Politics:

Krishna Pahadi was elected as member of village and district committee of Nepal Youth Organization in Morang district and treasurer of Koshi Zonal Committee in 1987. Pahadi joined Nepali Congress Party in 1988.

In 1991, Krishna Pahadi was elected as head of Amnesty International Nepal. Then he decided to quit from politics in 1992 and publicly declared that he will not be involved in any political party in future. But he however made it clear that he would continue to fight for democracy. So since 1992 he is neither affiliated with any political party nor a member of any political party. He also declared in 1992 that he will not accept any post or appointment in the Government.

20. Known for Time Movement:

Krishna Pahadi established a new trend in Nepal to start any program on right [scheduled] time. This policy was first endorsed by HURPES led by Krishna Pahadi and is now well known as ‘Time Movement’ in Nepal. As per this policy, every program must start on the scheduled time. Even delay by a second means cancellation of the program. Pahadi has also been urging other organizations/institutions to follow the notion of the time movement.

21. An eloquent speaker:

Krishna Pahadi has been a noted public speaker. He is a fluent speaker known for spellbound speeches. He has delivered more than one thousand speeches [including in more than 200 big mass meetings] on human rights, peace democracy, nonviolence and social justice in Nepali, English and Hindi language. In year 2016,

In the year 2016 alone,Krishna Pahadi addressed 62 mass meetings in 61 districts of Nepal including Mountain and Terai districts as chief speaker on Peace, non-violence, good will and National dignity.

22. A full time volunteer:

Krishna Pahadi worked more than 10 hours a day as full time volunteer while he was leading Amnesty International Nepal [5 years] and Human Rights and Peace Society [8years].

Pahadi has remained volunteer in every organization and movement he worked in his entire life.

23. Participation in international/regional conferences/meetings:

Krishna Pahadi participated in the Second UN World Conference on Human Rights held in Vienna, Austria in June 1993. Krishna Pahadi was one of the human rights defender who participated in Human Rights Defenders Summit held in Paris, France in December 1998.

Pahadi participated in more than 35 international, regional conferences/meetings on human rights, peace, democracy, nonviolence and education.

24. Speaker’s tour in 7 countries:

Krishna Pahadi visited Ireland, the United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium, Germany, Denmark and the United States of America in October-November 2005, at the invitation of various organizations. He addressed 30 public programs in these countries organized by Human Rights organizations, and shed light on Nepal’s then human rights and peace situation.

He also held separate meetings with foreign ministry officials in 6 countries. In addition to this, Pahadi shared his opinions in two dozen meetings.

This exclusive speaker’s tour by Krishna Pahadi was held at a time when the then King had seized power and the situation of human rights was deteriorating in Nepal.

25. Honorary citizenship:

Krishna Pahadi was awarded by honorary citizenship of Italian city Termini Imerese in October 2005 for his generous commitment and personal sacrifice in defense of peace and human rights.

26. Foreign Visit:

Krishna Pahadi has visited 27 countries including Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway Pakistan, the Philippines, Qatar, Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, the United Kingdom and United States of America.

27. Krishna Pahadi as a writer:

Krishna Pahadi has written more than two dozen books in Nepali, English and Hindi Language.

1. First one is MANMA BAGDACHHA KOSHI, a collection of 46 songs published in year 2004.

2. Second one is BHACHIYEKO KALAM published in year 2005, when he was in detention. This was a collection of 82 articles written by Pahadi against violence and despotism.

3. The third one published in 2006 is “SWATANTRATA MANTABYA YATRA” which was based on Pahadi’s experiences during his speaker’s tour of 7 countries in Europe and America.

4. The fourth one published in year 2007, BHANGALOMA BADIYERA DHARA, collection of 58 songs mostly written during imprisonment.

5. The fifth one is MANAV ADHIKAR: LOKTANTRA SHANTI RA AHIMSA KO ADHAR published in year 2008. This co- authored book is about human rights, peace, democracy and nonviolence which consists 10 segments and is 788 pages long.

6. The sixth one is Nikashko Naya Margachitra published in year 2010. This was a collection of 26 articles written by Pahadi .

7. Seventh book is CROWN CRIMES AND CONSPIRACY [ English interview collection-2010]

8. Eighth book is EK KALKHANDAKO ABHILEKH[ Nepali interview collection-2010]

9. Ninth book is MARUSTHALKO YATRA [ Collection of Plays- 2010]

10. Tenth Book is ‘ KRISHNA PAHADIKA KATHA (A collection of stories- 2011)

11. Eleventh Book is ‘NABIRSIIEKO BANDI’ (UNFORGOTTEN PRISONER)- Jail Journal of Krishna Pahadi.(2011)

12.Twelfth book is KRISHNA PAHADIKA KAVITA (Poetry-2011)

13. Thirteenth book is MERO PREM KO YO KAVITA (Poetry -2012)

14. Fourteenth book is BICHALLIMA JOONTARA(Collection Of stories, Published in 2012)

15. Fifteenth Book is SATYA PARAMSATYA (Essays 2012)

16. Sixteenth Book is MRITYU APALAK (Hindi Poetry-2012)

17. Seventeenth Book is SANDARBHA EK PRASANGA ANEK (Travelogue -2012)

18. Eighteenth Book is MA JANMEKO SAAR (Poetry -2012)

19. Nineteenth Book is BHATKIEKO DARSHAN ( Collection of plays -2012)

20. Twentieth Book is SAVE THE PLANET ( English Poetry -2013)

21. Twenty-first Book is ANANTAMA HARAUDA ( Poetry -2013)

22. Twenty Second Book is SANDARSHAN ( Essays -2013)

23. Twenty Third Book is GRAHAN LAGEKO BELA ( NOVEL -2013)

24. Twenty Fourth Book is YO EK VARSHA (-2013)

25 Twenty Fifth Book is AKHANDA CHET (Collection of MUKTAK- Short Poetry -2013)

26. Twenty sixth Book is TRISHNA KO SANGAM (Collection of Short Poetry -2016)

27. Twenty Seventh Book is YUDDHA NISHEDH : SHANTI VISHESH ( Stop War : Promote Peace -2018 collection of articles)

28. Twenty Eight Book is PACHCHIS AALEKH  ( -2019, collection of 25 Contemporary articles)

29. 29th book JAGATMUKHI JEEVANMUKHI SEWAMUKHI JIJIVISHA [collection of 25 Contemporary articles] published on January 2020.

30. 30th Book is JALMA HALCHAL SOOKSHMAKO ( Poetry -2022)

Krishna Pahadi has written more than a dozen drama on subjects related to human rights, peace, democracy, nonviolence and social justice that have been performed all over Nepal by SARWANAM , a famous theatre group of Nepal from the year 1993-2002 which is as follows:


2. SAN 2000 [A.D. 2000]











13. MARUSTHAL KO YATRA [A JOURNEY TO DRY LAND] [Performed in year 2010 in 9 districts of Nepal]

In addition to this, Pahadi presented dozens of working paper in different programs, hundreds of articles written by Krishna Pahadi have been published in different magazines of Nepal.

28. Campaigning on prevention of Drug/Alcohol Abuse : Since 2016, Krishna Pahadi has been actively involved in Campaigning on prevention of Drug/Alcohol Abuse.

29. campaigning against War :  Krishna Pahadi is leading Stop War : Promote Peace campaign.

30. campaigning against Death Penalty : Krishna Pahadi always opposed Death Penalty and has been campaigning against Death Penalty in his entire life.

31.Krishna Pahadi is a Leading campaigner against nuclear weapons,always protest nuclear test and demanded nuclear weapons free world.

32.columnist for several prominent national dailies and weeklies including kaantipur daily 2017-18,Annapurna daily2018-2020.

33. Personal Life :

Krishna Pahadi is a bachelor and seen in yellow clad since 1995. He is vegetarian and doesn’t drink alcohol. In 1992, he declared that he will not accept any government post or appointment. He is neither member nor affiliated with any political party after 1992. He has remained a volunteer in every post he served in his life. Pahadi has also denied nominating him for any award. He doesn’t accept any felicitations. He is residing in his relative’s house since last 3 decades in Kathmandu,

Telephone no. 977-1-4572104

Email: kpahadi@gmail.com